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by Thomas J. Mayfield

  • ISBN: 159714035X
  • Category: Politics
  • Author: Thomas J. Mayfield
  • Subcategory: Social Sciences
  • Other formats: azw doc lit rtf
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Heyday (February 1, 2006)
  • Pages: 125 pages
  • FB2 size: 1436 kb
  • EPUB size: 1567 kb
  • Rating: 4.9
  • Votes: 600
Download Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of Califronia's Central Valley fb2

Indians of Califronia's Central Valley Paperback – February 1, 2006. Thomas Jefferson Mayfield (1843–1928) was among the first Americans to move into California’s San Joaquin Valley.

Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of Califronia's Central Valley Paperback – February 1, 2006. by Thomas J. Mayfield (Author). He arrived in 1850, when he was six years old.

Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Start by marking Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read.

Rich in detail and anecdote, Indian Summer tells how the Choinumne built their houses, navigated their boats .

Rich in detail and anecdote, Indian Summer tells how the Choinumne built their houses, navigated their boats, hunted their game, and prepared their foods. It also provides a rare and welcome glimpse into the intimacies of daily life. In 1850, six-year-old Thomas Jefferson Mayfield was adopted by the Choinumne Yokuts of California's San Joaquin Valley.

Book Jefferson, Thomas. Testimonios: Early California through the Eyes of Women, 1815-1848 EAN 9781597140331.

a b c Thomas J. Mayfield, Indian summer: traditional life among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley, Heyday Books, Berkley, 1993, p. 25. ^ Brazos County Early Marriages: William Mayfield to Mary Ann Curd, 16 Mar 1848

a b c Thomas J. ^ Brazos County Early Marriages: William Mayfield to Mary Ann Curd, 16 Mar 1848. Mayfield, Indian summer, pp. 26–27. 26–42. His son Ben 16 (should be 18) is listed separately with Mary 20 and her child S Willson Mayfield 7, presumably at the cabin.

book by Thomas Jefferson Mayfield.

Mayfield's son Thomas Jefferson claims his father fought against the Mexicans with Sam Houston and . 20] While his son Thomas Jefferson was living among the Choinumni, William Mayfield helped do the first survey of Tulare County, placed the first hogs around Tulare Lake.

Mayfield's son Thomas Jefferson claims his father fought against the Mexicans with Sam Houston and became a captain. In the Mexican American War he claims he was in the force of Alexander W. Doniphan and that Doniphan "wrote a letter to Uncle Sam and Uncle Sam made my daddy a colonel.

Автор: Mayfield Thomas J. Название: Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of Califronia& Central Valley ISBN: 159714035X ISBN-13(EAN): 9781597140355 Издательство.

Автор: Darrell Elizabeth Название: Indian Summer ISBN: 0727869183 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780727869180 Издательство: Неизвестно Рейтинг

Indian summer by Thomas Jefferson Mayfield, Thomas J. Mayfield, 1993, Heyday Books California Historical . traditional life among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley. by Thomas Jefferson Mayfield, Thomas J. Mayfield.

traditional life among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley. Published 1993 by Heyday Books California Historical Society in Berkeley, Calif.

With accuracy, zest, and insight, Indian Summer portrays the nearly lost and unspeakably beautiful world of the Choinumne Yokuts and the valley in which they lived. Library descriptions.

New edition of a Heyday classic

With accuracy, zest, and insight, Indian Summer portrays the nearly lost and unspeakably beautiful world of the Choinumne Yokuts and the valley in which they lived.


Reviews about Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of Califronia's Central Valley (6):
Sagda
Thomas Jefferson Mayfield (1843–1928) was among the first Americans to move into California’s San Joaquin Valley. He arrived in 1850, when he was six years old. His family had moved west to get rich quick in the Gold Rush, but the gold belonged to the land, and it cleverly hid from the loony looters. His father shifted to raising livestock, assisted by his two older sons. Young Thomas and his mother stayed at their small shanty, near Kings River.

The wild valley was a magnificent wonderland, millions of colorful flowers, with snow-covered mountains in the background. Neighbors included elk, deer, antelope, grizzly bears, black bears, raccoons, rabbits, gophers, ground squirrels. The sky swarmed with clouds of blackbirds. There were billions of geese, and flocks passing overhead might be four square miles in size (10 km2). Huge flights of pigeons would block out the sun. Wetlands were loaded with tules (bulrushes) that grew 20 feet tall (6 m). Along the streams were unbroken forests of ancient oak trees. Nearby was Tulare Lake, which was filled with fish and waterfowl. The region around the lake was home to a fantastic abundance of wildlife.

The Yokut Indians who lived across the river from the Mayfield’s shanty were friendly. They generously brought food to the family (…so the strangers wouldn’t shoot their guns and disturb the wildlife). Within a year of their arrival, Mayfield’s mother died. The Yokuts offered to take care of the young fellow, and his father agreed. The boy spent almost ten years among the Indians. He fluently spoke their language, dressed like them, ate their food, and had almost no contact with white society. He helped them hunt and fish, and spent lots of time playing with the other boys.

The Indians were warm people. They rarely quarreled, often laughed, shunned gossip, respected their elders, and only spoke when something meaningful needed to be said. Honesty was the norm, and theft was unknown. Mornings began with a bath in the river. In the hot summer months, much time was spent in the cool water.

The Indians built houses made with tule mats, and some lodges were 100 feet long (30 m). Acorns were stored in elevated cylindrical granaries. Mostly, they lived outdoors. Homes were only used for sleeping, and for shelter from bad weather. Cooking, eating, and other activities were done outside. Food was cooked in watertight baskets heated with hot rocks. They stored dried fish, dried meat, dried grasses, acorns, and many kinds of seeds. Tule roots were a staple food.

Around 1855, the Americans began rounding up Indians and moving them into concentration camps, known as reservations. Prior to the roundup, many had already died from the diseases of civilization. In captivity, living indoors made them miserable, and many died from tuberculosis and measles. Whiskey led to painful social breakdown. In 1850, at the beginning of Mayfield’s stay, there were over 300 in the tribe, but ten years later only 40 survived. In 1862, his father was killed in an Indian war, and the young man said goodbye to the Yokuts and drifted away into white society.

Mayfield almost took his story to the grave. He spent much of his life in the valley, but never told anyone about his childhood. White folks hated Indians, and he would have been stigmatized by revealing his story. But in 1928, Frank Latta was working on an oral history of the San Joaquin Valley, heard about the 85-year old Mayfield, and went to visit him. For the first time, Mayfield had an eager listener, and he gushed stories for several months, until he died.

Indian Summer is the story of his time among the Yokuts. It’s just 123 pages long, with large type. The writing is simple, just the facts. His story is the only eyewitness account of a colonist who knew California Indians when they were still wild and free, living in their traditional manner. It provides a wealth of details about how the Indians lived.

Even after Mayfield was a teen, old enough to take care of himself, his father left him with the Indians. “He said that I was in better company with the Indians than I would be staying around the white towns with him. There I would be in contact with saloons, gamblers, drunks, bums, and many other undesirables that I would not know at the rancheria.” Whites were notoriously untrustworthy, and masters in the fine arts of vulgarity and profanity.

When he was in his eighties, Mayfield said, “There is no use trying to deny that the Indians I knew were, for the most part, naked savages. But I have found that in the sixty-six or more years since I left them that just wearing a lot of clothes does not make people decent. Neither does going around naked necessarily make people indecent.” He added, “I knew the Indians in their natural state and I know that they were the finest people that I have ever met.”

In the good old days, Tulare Lake covered Kings County, and portions of Tulare and Kern counties. It was the biggest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi, and it sometimes swelled to cover 760 square miles (1,968 km2). A thriving fish mining industry was established by the Americans. Four rivers once emptied into the lake, but water-mining farmers and land speculators diverted their flows, and the lake disappeared by 1910. Tulare Lake is now called the Tulare Lakebed, flat dry land, mostly cotton fields. In extremely wet El Niño years, like 1997, the former lake temporarily holds some water. Now the Americans are pumping out the groundwater, and the land is sinking. Some locations are falling two inches per month. Roads are cracking, and pipelines are breaking.

There were 16 subcultures of the Yokut people, and there may have been up to 50,000 of them in the San Joaquin Valley 200 years ago. Abundant wildlife and plant foods allowed them to live in high density for hunter-gatherers — in good health, usually peaceful, with a leisurely lifestyle. By 2010, the valley was home to 3,971,659 Americans, and it had air pollution comparable to Los Angeles and Houston. The current way of life does not have a long-term future.

Thomas Jefferson Mayfield was born in 1843, the same year as my great-grandfather, Richard Edward Rees. Richard’s granddaughter Martha lived until 2009, and she remembered him well. The Yokut people had lived in balance for several thousand years, but civilization furiously obliterated the wild paradise in less than three generations. Bambi was splattered by a runaway freight train, and nobody lived happily ever after. There may be important lessons here.

A huge and glaring omission from the book is California’s wars of extermination on the Indians. The Tule River War was waged against the Kings River Yokuts at the time Mayfield was staying with them. In the first 20 years of the American occupation of California, 90 percent of the Indians died. Bounties were paid for the scalps and heads of Indians. Who omitted the genocide — Mayfield, Latta, or the publisher?
6snake6
This story is by a child, drawn out of an old man and compiled by a brilliant and sensitive interviewer. It tells of a life and a people with whom he grew up, a gentle people he loved, whose sweetness as a people I have never heard communicated so elegantly. It also displays vividly a botanical glory we have lost, one that to regain, even for the purpose of keeping the genetics alive and available for further expansion, would require an enormous commitment of time and money. I know this because I have done that kind of native plant restoration work for 25 years.
This book imparted important of insights into the relationship between people and the land that fostered the riotous floral glory that was the San Joaquin Valley in spring. Even as early as 1850, when Mayfield first saw it as a six year old boy, it was a system already seriously degraded by horses and weeds. Nevertheless, the first sight of it brought his mother to tears and remained the high point of his life. It was an experience so powerful, that it still overwhelms when told by an 85 year old man through the pen of another. It was so personal and so important to him, that when he told of it to the chronicler of this story, it was the first time he had ever spoken about it to anyone since he returned to settled American society as a late teen. It was the last thing he told anyone before he died, minutes later.
Feast on this account. Ponder on the arrangement of the land and its many staccato cycles between humans and their surroundings. Wonder why so much that is so obviously important goes almost unmentioned. Then dig for more. The hidden secret is that people built the landscapes we plundered. We're never going to learn how to run these many systems by simply leaving them alone. Best we take our time and do our homework while remembering that we can't bring it back if we kill our economy protecting it to death.
Acrobat
I give this book 5 stars for the simple reason that it is the only written account we have of Indian life in the central valley before the Indian way of life was effectively displaced by European intruders. I have to admit however, that I was expecting more. The teller of the tale was adopted by a group of Indians at the age of six. He lived with them for a number of years before going out on his own. So the story told is the recollection of a child which is of course rather narrow and lacks a more critical viewpoint of an adult. What we are missing in this account is the intellectual life of the adults in the culture. What we have to settle for is the day to day doings of his adoptive families. Still it's what we have.
We also have to contend with the fact that Mayfield could not tell his tale until he was close to death because any favorable portrayal of the Indians was out of fashion at a time when new settlers were busy pushing Indians off their traditional lands. As Vonnegut used so say, and so it goes.
Sharpbringer
Such a refreshing story of Native American Life. Fast read. Do yourself a favor and order this. It is great to share with others. I lend this to others and make them promise to bring it back.
FailCrew
This is written by a man, who at age 6 was taken in by local (Tulare County, California) Indians. This visual and very human accounting of his life with them is both informative and quite touching. A wonderful read.
Darkraven
What have we done?

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