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by Mortimer J. Adler,Geraldine Van Doren

  • ISBN: 0020301758
  • Category: Politics
  • Author: Mortimer J. Adler,Geraldine Van Doren
  • Subcategory: Philosophy
  • Other formats: mbr doc azw txt
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Collier Books and Macmillan Publishing; 1st edition (April 30, 1990)
  • Pages: 362 pages
  • FB2 size: 1217 kb
  • EPUB size: 1505 kb
  • Rating: 4.4
  • Votes: 663
Download Reforming Education: The Opening of American Mind fb2

Each essay is masterfully written and all are united by a common theme calling for the revitalization of education in our schools.

Each essay is masterfully written and all are united by a common theme calling for the revitalization of education in our schools. Dr. Adler's program consists of using the Great Books as a means to bring back the Liberal Arts.

Making a Democratic Culture: The Great Books Idea, Mortimer J. Adler, and Twentieth-Century America (P. Chicago: Loyola University. McNeill, William (1991).

Intellect: Mind Over Matter (1990). Truth in Religion: The Plurality of Religions and the Unity of Truth (1990). Making a Democratic Culture: The Great Books Idea, Mortimer J.

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Reforming Education book. Spanning the breadth of his career, from 1939 to 1989, this book is the response from Mortimer J. Adler to the question What can be done about American education? For Adler, the best education is one that offers the best education possible for all. Get A Copy.

Reforming Education: The Opening of the American Mind Format: Hardcover Authors: Mortimer Jerome Adler, Geraldine Van Doren ISBN10: 0025005510 Published: 1989-03-01 Reforming Education: The Opening of the American Mind. Macmillan Pub Co. Book Format.

Born in New York, Mortimer Adler was educated at Columbia University. Later as a philosophy instructor there, he taught in a program focused on the intellectual foundations of Western civilization. Called to the University of Chicago in 1927 by President Robert Maynard Hutchins, Adler played a major role in renovating the undergraduate curriculum to center on the "great books. His philosophical interests committed to the dialectical method crystallized in a defense of neo-Thomism, but he never strayed far from concerns with education and other vital public issues.

A founder of the "great books" movement, Adler ( How to Read a Book ) opens this collection of his essays that span a half century with a stinging rebuke to The Closing of the American Mind, Allan Bloom's pessimistic appraisal of today's colleges. Academic malaise, Adler counters, is rooted in the deficiencies of basic schooling.

Mortimer Jerome Adler - 1977. Opening the American Mind Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in Higher Education. The Messianic Character of American Education Studies in the History of the Philosophy of Education. Rousas John Rushdoony - 1963 - Craig Press

Mortimer Jerome Adler - 1977. Geoffrey M. Sill - 1993. Reforming American Legal Education and Legal Practice: Rethinking Licensing Structures and the Role of Nonlawyers in Delivering and Financing Legal Services. Deborah L. Rhode - 2013 - Legal Ethics 16 (2):243-257. Education, Education, Education: Reforming England's Schools. Rousas John Rushdoony - 1963 - Craig Press. The Revolution in Education Mortimer J. Adler and Milton Mayer.

A founder of the "great books" movement addresses the controversy concerning what should be required study in schools and suggests a humanistic course of study that is accessible to all
Reviews about Reforming Education: The Opening of American Mind (7):
Mr Freeman
It is hard not to agree with some of what is written in Reforming Education, a collection of essays by Moritmer Adler, describing his vision of what schooling and education should be. Unfortunately, as an actual educator, it is easy to agree with much, also.

The overall theme of this collection is Adler's belief that a liberal arts education, which teaches a student to "read, write, and think well," is the best education for a democratic - by which Adler means egalitarian - society. Adler, like Dewey, draws a strong link between democracy and education but, unlike Dewey, suggests that specialization - offering different "tracks" to suit different students - is undemocratic. Adler suggests that all students should be educated with the same curriculum and, in an often repeated quote, suggests that "the best education for the best is the best education for all."

Unfortunately, Adler doesn't defend this idea very well and relies more on rhetoric than argument. He addresses the very practical suggestion that students of differing abilities and proclivities might be ill-served by recieving the exact same education (and, as an educator, I can certainly attest that different students are capable of diffeernt things), but he very casually dismisses this criticism as undemocratic and pessimistic. (He also relies on an analogy of two different sized containers that need to be filled with different amounts of the same liquid, which shows that Adler has never taught students with drastically differing abilities, for if he had, he would realize that subjects like Algebra II may not actually be accessible to all students.)

Alder rightly takes to task those who want drastic differentiation and specialization in k-12 but, I think, errs in the opposite direction by ignoring the importance of electives and occupational training (especially for those who plan not to stay on an academic track after 12th grade). The aboliton of electives means that we ignore the importance of students' being able to, in some degree, study things that interest them. (Adler, I think, does not see that we can allow students to sometimes study what interests them without letting them do so all the time. In this, he is just as extreme as Montessori in the opposite direciton.)

To Adler's credit, he repeatedly insists that schooling should first and foremost teach a student how to think, and that k-12 should be called schooling rather than education (which is the lifelong process of using the tools from schooling to expand one's thinking.)

But in the end, I think one of Adler's biggest mistake - typical of philosophers who's only knkowledge of what pre-college school is like is found only in their imaginations and reading of other inexperienced philosophers - is that he has no clue of what kids are actually like. He makes the "philosopher's mistake" of assuming that the sample of students he meets in his college courses must be a good represenation of what all kids are like. Students, therefore, probably all really like philosophic subjects, will all probably reach "happiness" by reading great books in their leisure time, and will certainly need to know the wisdoms contained in the arts and letters in later life.

While this is certainly an interesting idea, it leads Adler astray in many areas. His disdain for vocational education - training students to be "wage slaves" or just "slaves" - is just as ignorant as excessive vocational tracking, as it underprepares students who will not go on to intellectual vocations (though it will well prepare our future lawyers). Adler correctly acknowledges that teaching students to think is itself good preperation for life, but ignores the fact that, for many, so is learning practical skills. His suggestion of moving vocational training to the college level would have the devestating consequence of forcing students who cannot afford college (often the students going into blue collar vocations) to graduate high-school wholly lacking in training for a job.

I do agree - as I think most proponents of differentiation in high school - that the primary goal of schooling is to train students how to think and to discipline the mind. I could not help but read Adler's suggestions, though, as extremizing a good thing. 'No electives, no career training, only liberal arts,' may sound nice but would, I fear, result in a "one size fits all" system that is unjust because it is inflexible and inatentive to difference in students' needs and abilities.

As with so much else, the wisdom is in balance between two extremes, not replacing one extreme with another. For those interested in Adler's ideas, a less extreme approach to essentialism in education can be found in the works of William Bagley and Leon Kandel.
Ishnjurus
No one has spoken with as clear and sound a voice about the problems facing 20th century education as has Mortimer J. Adler. As an elected member of a local board of education in Colorado, I have turned again and again to this book as a source of wisdom and direction.
No other book talks about reform with such a sane and logical approach. Stripped of all the polemics and dogma, education reform can be seen as a problem that does not require blame or self-righteousness. It is, as you will learn from this book, a profoundly difficult problem with which we have struggled for the last century without success--not because we haven't tried, but because the demands of 20th century democracy on education are a tall order.
I am indebted to Dr. Adler for the work he has done in education.
Contancia
Excellent classiv
Original
Great service--as promised. Excellent!!
Damdyagab
Schaeffer in his book 'He is There and He is Not Silence' book talks about these main ideas

1. The Metaphysical Necessity

2. Moral Necessity

3. Epistemological Necessity : Problem

3. Epistemological Necessity : Answer

Now, if you read ONLY one essay of Adler's called 'Tradition or Progress' from the book 'Reformation Education', you will that Adler found the same problems. The main problems according to him is 'The nature of knowledge' and 'the nature of man'. He talks about anti-ontological nature of Science and how it strips ontology (metaphysical nature) and puts nothing in its place. This confirms Schaeffer's ideas and at the same time strenghes Francis Schaeffer's main points and problems in the history.

Adler wrote his particular essay in 1941 yet Schaeffer started his L'abri mission around 1950s.

The book is very valuable and should be read by pastors, apologists, missionaries, lay people who are in Christian ministries as well as educators. It would be very sad to see only educators' interest of this book. This evaluates the culture and seeks to bring foundational solution yet tells all of this in honesty, hope. Isn't the culture problem? Whose who controls the culture controls the country, don't you think?
Iell
If ever I find a school system that uses these principles of education, I want to work there IMMEDIATELY!
Chillhunter
Editor Geraldine Van Doren has collected 25 essays on educational reform by Dr. Adler. Each essay is masterfully written and all are united by a common theme calling for the revitalization of education in our schools. Dr. Adler's program consists of using the Great Books as a means to bring back the Liberal Arts. He is a generalist who disclaims specialization in schools (students may specialize as they enter the work force or advanced degrees), discredits textbooks, elective courses, and narrow, didactic teaching. He supports the Humanities, calling for more Socratic-style teaching.
This is must reading for educators, administrators, parents, and all learners.
This excellent work by Dr. Adler presents an in depth analysis of problems and solutions for the American educational system. Dr. Adler presents his readers with revolutionary and practical educational proposals supported by long standing philosophical principles.
Many educational scholars may disagree with some of Dr. Adler's ideas. However, most scholars would be hard pressed to dispute the proposition that Dr. Adler's proposals provoke considerable thought in the common quest to improve America's educational structure.

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