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by Eileen Kowler
The publication of this volume signifies the recognition of the fact that a genuine understanding of eye movement will not come about through the study of neurons alone.
Many studies using eye movements to investigate cognitive processes . Basic Characteristics of Eye Movements in Information Processing
Many studies using eye movements to investigate cognitive processes have appeared over the past 20 years. Basic Characteristics of Eye Movements in Information Processing. Such tremors of the eyes are quite small, and their exact nature is somewhat unclear, though it is often assumed that the movements are re-lated to perceptual activity and help the nerve cells in the retina to keep firing.
In E. Kowler (E.,Eye movements and their role in visual and cognitive processes (pp. 1–70)
In E. 1–70). Kowler, . Anderson, . Dosher, . & Blaser, E. (in press). The role of attention in the programming of saccades. Rights and permissions. Reprints and Permissions.
Eye Movements and Their Role in Vision and Cognitive Processes. This leads us to propose that a new approach to the study of oculomotor performance is required. Vivianni P. Saccadic Eye Movements and Cognition. Scanning of the visual scene is an important selective process in visual perception.
If fixational eye movements are counteracted, our visual perception fades . Kowler, E. & Steinman, R. M. The role of small saccades in counting.
If fixational eye movements are counteracted, our visual perception fades completely as a result of neural adaptation. So, our visual system has a built-in paradox - we must fix our gaze to inspect the minute details of our world, but if we were to fixate perfectly, the entire world would fade from view. Owing to their role in counteracting adaptation, fixational eye movements have been studied to elucidate how the brain makes our environment visible. Sperling, G. in Eye Movements and Their Role in Visual and Cognitive Processes (ed. 307–351 (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990).
Eye movement in reading involves the visual processing of written text. This was described by the French ophthalmologist Louis Émile Javal in the late 19th century. Javal's observations were characterised by a reliance on naked-eye observation of eye movement in the absence of technology.
In the past 175 years, these oculomotor measures have been refined (see Kowler, 1990) and used to address similar questions in infants (see Aslin, 1985 . Eye movements and their role in visual and cognitive processes.
In the past 175 years, these oculomotor measures have been refined (see Kowler, 1990) and used to address similar questions in infants (see Aslin, 1985, 1987; Branson, 1982; Haith, 1980; Maurer, 1975). The general rationale for relying on these visual behaviors is that where one is looking is closely tied to what one is seeing. This is not to deny the fact that we can detect visual stimuli in the peripheral visual field, but rather that there is a bias to attend to and process information primarily when it is located in the central portion of the retina.
These authors were the first to study the ocular reaction in depression, mania, hebephrenic disease, epilepsy, and imbecile populations (Diefendorf and Dodge, 1908).
Recent studies of eye movements in reading and other information processing tasks, such as music reading, typing, visual .
Theoretical and practical considerations concerning the use of eye movement data are also discussed.
Role of eye position information in visual space perception.
Role of eye position information in visual space perception. In Eye Movements and the Higher Psychological Functions, ed. Senders, . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.