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A bacteriophage (/bækˈtɪərioʊfeɪdʒ/), also known informally as a phage (/feɪdʒ/), is a virus that infects and replicates within bacteria and archaea. The term was derived from "bacteria" and the Greek φαγεῖν (phagein), "to devour". Bacteriophages are composed of proteins that encapsulate a DNA or RNA genome, and may have structures that are either simple or elaborate. Their genomes may encode as few as four genes (. MS2) and as many as hundreds of genes.
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In Russia, bacteriophages have been produced and used for medical purposes for almost 80 years: during .
In Russia, bacteriophages have been produced and used for medical purposes for almost 80 years: during World War II, phages saved lives of thousands of wounded soldiers and prevented a cholera epidemic in the besieged Stalingrad before the famous Battle of Stalingrad. As a result, the use of staphylococcal and streptococcal bacteriophages helped clean wounds from bacteria in more than half of the cases and achieve a complete sterilization of the wound in 30–40 % of the patients.
Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780125125154, 9781483282152. Volume V Bacteria and Bacteriophage. Section 8. Bacterial Sequences. Section 9. Bacteriophage Sequences. Technical Appendix A: Entry Name and Molecule Type Conventions. Technical Appendix B: Reference Citation Conventions.
Bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) are fascinating organisms .
Bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) are fascinating organisms that have played and continue to play a key role in bacterial genetics and molecular biology. Phage can confer key phenotypes on their host, for example converting a non-pathogenic strain into a pathogen, and they play a key role in regulating bacterial populations in all sorts of environments.
Transduction: 1. Bacteriophages (bacterial viruses) transfer genes to bacteria (. T2, T4, T5, T6, T7, and ). 1. Generalized transduction transfers any gene. Specialized transduction transfers specific genes. 2. Phages typically carry small amounts of DNA, ~1% of the host chromosome.
The book is in Russian, but Andrey says that English version is expected within a year or so. And here is a brief summary, verbatim as provided by Dr. Letarov: The textbook gives a compact but nevertheless comprehensive and complete introduction into contemporary scince about the viruses of bacteria – bacteriophages the same time it does not apper overoladed by unnesessary detail.
They also have bacteria. In medicine, bacteriophages are not just viruses that parasitize bacteria cells. The name of these microorganisms is bacteriophages, which are so small that they can penetrate into microscopic bacterial cells, and are so insidious that they can lead a bacterium to self-destruction. These are medications containing virions of the same species that are active against certain strains of bacteria.
ATCC, American Type Culture Collection . Bacteriophages, bacteria-infecting viruses, have been recently reconsidered as a biological control tool for preventing bacterial pathogens. Erwinia amylovora and E. pyrifoliae cause fire blight and black shoot blight disease in apple and pear, respectively. In this study, the bacteriophage phiEaP-8 was isolated from apple orchard soil and could efficiently and specifically kill both E. amylovora and E. pyrifoliae. BACTERIOPHAGES active against plant pathogenic bacteria have been isolated from various sources, including diseased plant material1, seed2 and the soil3.