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by Matthew Frye Jacobson

  • ISBN: 0674951913
  • Category: History
  • Author: Matthew Frye Jacobson
  • Subcategory: Americas
  • Other formats: rtf lrf txt mbr
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press (September 1, 1999)
  • Pages: 368 pages
  • FB2 size: 1327 kb
  • EPUB size: 1119 kb
  • Rating: 4.7
  • Votes: 659
Download Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race fb2

Whiteness of a Different Color offers an unanswerable demonstration that the historical whitening of European immigrants intensified 'race' as the marker of a white/black divide

Whiteness of a Different Color offers an unanswerable demonstration that the historical whitening of European immigrants intensified 'race' as the marker of a white/black divide. Jacobson challenges at once the revival of the Caucasian racial category and the real inequalities to which it points. Michael Rogin, Robson Professor of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley. In this fascinating book, Jacobson traces the development of racial identity in America. Between the 1840s and the 1920s, racial differences and hierarchy between Anglo-Saxons and other white ethnic.

Whiteness of a Different Color book. This is an eye-opener for those who aren’t familiar with European immigrants in America in the early 20th century.

Matthew Frye Jacobson argues that race resides not in nature but in the contingencies of politics and . Matthew Frye Jacobson, a professor of American Studies at Yale, is the author of "Whiteness of a Different Color" & "Special Sorrows". He lives in New York City.

Matthew Frye Jacobson argues that race resides not in nature but in the contingencies of politics and culture. In ever-changing racial categories we glimpse the competing theories of history and collective destiny by which power has been organized and contested in the United States.

Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race by Matthew Frye Jacobson. Harvard University Press, 1998. Hardly two agree as to the number and composition of the races. Thus one scholar makes an elaborate classification of twenty-nine races; another tells us there are six; Huxley gives us four; Kroeber three; Goldenweiser, five; and Boas inclines to two, while his colleague, Linton, says there are twelve or fifteen. Even my dullest students sometimes note this apparent contradiction

Matthew Frye Jacobson argues that race resides not in nature but in the contingencies of politics and . In ever-changing racial categories we glimpse the competing theories of history and collective destiny by which power. has been organized and contested in the United States.

The book is subtitled European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. Matthew Jacobson's Whiteness of a Different Color is one such work. Whiteness of a Different Color" is a marvelous work of modern scholarship. In this excellent work of ry, Jacobson explores the American conception of racial "whiteness" and how it has changed over time. For nearly a decade now, scholars and readers interested in understanding the history of the racial dynamic in the United States have turned almost exclusively to the history of the working class.

In The Alchemy of Race and Rights Patricia Williams notes that when people of color are asked to understand such practices as racial profiling by putting themselves in the shoes of. .

In The Alchemy of Race and Rights Patricia Williams notes that when people of color are asked to understand such practices as racial profiling by putting themselves in the shoes of white people, they are, in effect, being asked to, ‘look into the mirror of frightened white faces for the reality of their undesirability’ (1992, 46. Whiteness of A Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race.

--v- v /,, Caucasian Variety.

Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (1998).

He is the William Robertson Coe Professor of American Studies & History and a professor of African American Studies at Yale University Jacobson earned his doctorate in 1992 from Brown University, in American Civilization. Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (1998). Barbarian Virtues: The United States Encounters Foreign Peoples at Home and Abroad, 1876-1917 (2000).

America’s racial odyssey is the subject of this remarkable work of historical imagination. Matthew Frye Jacobson argues that race resides not in nature but in the contingencies of politics and culture. In ever-changing racial categories we glimpse the competing theories of history and collective destiny by which power has been organized and contested in the United States. Capturing the excitement of the new field of “whiteness studies” and linking it to traditional historical inquiry, Jacobson shows that in this nation of immigrants “race” has been at the core of civic assimilation: ethnic minorities in becoming American were re-racialized to become Caucasian. He provides a counter-history of how nationality groups such as the Irish or Greeks became Americans as racial groups like Celts or Mediterraneans became Caucasian.Jacobson tracks race as a conception and perception, emphasizing the importance of knowing not only how we label one another but also how we see one another, and how that racialized vision has largely been transformed in this century. The stages of racial formation―race as formed in conquest, enslavement, imperialism, segregation, and labor migration―are all part of the complex, and now counterintuitive, history of race. Whiteness of a Different Color traces the fluidity of racial categories from an immense body of research in literature, popular culture, politics, society, ethnology, anthropology, cartoons, and legal history, including sensational trials like the Leo Frank case and the Draft Riots of 1863.
Reviews about Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (7):
Shliffiana
Still working my way through this one, but it has been highly illuminating thus far. Lots of original source material is cited to show how the concept of whiteness has mutated as various European immigrants made their way into Anglo-America. Interesting, shameful and highly relevant to contemporary nativism.
Gerceytone
Well written and very necessary book about the history of the struggle over whiteness--a racial struggle, and ethnic struggle, a political struggle and a legal struggle. Covers the period from 1770 through to modern times. I read it in conjunction with the Draka books by S.M. Stirling which take as their jumping off point a "what if" in which white slaveowners from the South are enabled to take their racist ideology to its logical conclusion in Africa.
Nidor
Matthew Frye Jacobson 's Whiteness of a Different Color tells us all how we got in this mess. The book is subtitled European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race. "Alchemy" is correct. It means that the "base metal" of Nordic, Alpine, Mediterranean and even Western Asian "races" were turned into the "gold" of unadulterated white status. Jacobson explains how "whiteness" was created by colonial elites for the purpose of defending the state from Indian invasions and slave insurrections, and continued by the American republic in order to create a sense of unity in its polyglot European immigrant population. In 1790, United States naturalization law granted citizenship to "free white persons" -- which meant, mostly, those of Anglo-Saxon descent. As the U.S. population became more culturally mixed beginning in the 1840s, with an increase in immigration from non-Anglo Europe, the nation experienced "a fracturing of whiteness into a hierarchy of plural and scientifically determined white races."

In other words, people who came from Ireland, Poland, Germany, Italy, Greece, and Jews from Russia and other Slavic nations all became, by virtue of the "melting pot" ethic, "Caucasian" whites. But, the creation of whiteness was - and still is - by no means an easy, continuous process. The Celtic, Nordic, Alpine and Mediterranean "races" were abolished in favor of the myth of one homogenous "white" race (with the adoption of the "scientific" term "Caucasian" providing a new legitimacy to the honorific "racial" term "white."

Jacobson contends that traditional historians have deliberately dismissed the "racial" distinctions of the 19th century and before as "misuses" of the word "race." Of course they didn't mean that Irish, Germans, Bohemians, Nordics, etc. were separate races; they just didn't know what they were saying. This is a courtesy not given to mulattoes. Jacobson, however, shows that there was no "misuse." "Patterns in literary, legal, political and graphic evidence" show that the perception of race was very different from the standard rhetoric promoted in today's U.S. I have a sense of deja vu here. As I stated in a review of Lawrence R. Tenzer's The Forgotten Cause of the Civil War, mainstream historians' inability to acknowledge the fact that 19th century Northern "whites" saw predominately European slaves as "white," makes them deliberately blind to the role "white slavery" played as a cause of the Civil War. Few historians wish to deal with the fact that, while "white" privilege in various forms has been a constant in American political culture since colonial times, whiteness itself has been subject to all kinds of contests and has gone through a series of historical vicissitudes.

Jacobson divides the history of whiteness in the United States into three great epochs:

The nation's first naturalization law in 1790 (limited naturalized citizenship to "free white persons") demonstrates the republican convergence of race and "fitness for self-government"; the law's wording denotes an unconflicted view of the presumed character and unambiguous boundaries of whiteness.

Fifty years later, however, beginning with the massive influx of highly undesirable but nonetheless "white" persons from Ireland, whiteness was subject to new interpretations. The period of mass European immigration, from the 1840s to the restrictive legislation of 1924, witnessed a fracturing of whiteness into a hierarchy of plural and scientifically determined white races. Vigorous debate ensued over which of these was truly "fit for self-government" in the old Anglo- Saxon sense.

Finally, in the 1920s and after, partly because the crisis of over-inclusive whiteness had been solved by restrictive legislation and partly in response to a new racial alchemy generated by African-American migrations to the North and West, whiteness was reconsolidated: the late nineteenth century's probationary white groups were now remade and granted the scientific stamp of authenticity as the unitary Caucasian race - an earlier era's Celts, Slavs, Hebrews, Iberics, and Saracens, among others, had become Caucasians so familiar to our own visual economy and racial lexicon.
Bloodray
This book will change the way you see United States history. Calls into question the way that race was defined in previous years. It's a bit all-over-the-place and wide-ranging, but that's no necessarily a bad thing. It's a big argument with important things to say.
Thomeena
I was taking this class at local college, this was required reading. NOT MY Taste for reading! However the book was very interesting and pointing out the history of descrimmination in the US (no race or country was left behind). Wooo! talk about being surprised! the book is well written, again not my type of reading but the book is very good.
Nayatol
Valuable piece of work.
Ximathewi
If you're interested in race and racism, and how race is a social construct in the U.S. and how it came to be about, this is a wonderful read :)
The book was in great condition and was delivered quickly! Pleasure doing business with you!

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